عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه افسری امام علی(ع)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Being highly significant in military field and national security of all nations, logistics mainly involves the management of physical distribution systems, which is inextricably linked to military operations and is identified as a branch of [military] administration. However, defining, setting areas and applications of them:“Logistics” and “Supply Chain Management” have been a hot area of controversy among the stakeholders. An agreed-upon definition requires interactions among the stakeholders especially the military ones. In line with this trend, some scholars have tried to elaborate the applied nature and activities included in each term from management and hierarchical relationship. This study asked the participants to answer three basic research questions addressing the definitions, nature, and the mutual relationships between the terms. Analysis of the data revealed that the terms are not much distinct as they are overlapping depending on their definition/s favored by the respective organization. However, logistics necessarily refers to transportation of goods and materials but no reference to information transfer. Meanwhile, definition of supply chain implies that logistics is realized within it in several situations. Moreover, supply chain includes a logistic process while the profession of logistics refers to planning for, implementation, and control of goods and services. The common core of all these is that this notion ultimately refers to a process of planning, control, storage of goods and services from the original sources to the consumers according to the latter’s requirements.