نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The military geography by joining natural factors with military principles caused that military planers and executors use of their extreme benefits and exact their victory toward the enemy. along the history, role of earth, water, climate and continent affected as one of the most important and the most effective factors on strategies, battle and campaign support.Collins believes "win in wars without attention and scientific exploit of military geography is on chance", thus accepted these factor values. Among the geography traits of every zone, the height perform the most important role in operation and as a main natural impediment or adverse as a reinforced factor in war can secure the force success in campaign. More over the important roll the height in classical wars as a reinforced factor also acts main and important roll upon over-the-local enemies' capabilities in a symmetric war in privacy, cover, view and shot, pathway control and hidden logistic support. War scuffing, butt to enemy for tousling their solace and constancy used of this natural important factor can be a main stay for campaign defender warrior. Other most important factor that be attended is tactical using of roads and pathways as a factor for stimulating of relative forces and using gorges and dens as a cramped factor and anti-stimulus for enemy was noted and attended it in planning.